China: Facts About Asia's Largest Country

China, officially known as People's Republic of China , is responsible ofr approximately 20-percent of the total world population. Following a long slump of economic declines, China's impressive growth surpassed Japan in 2010 to become the world’s second largest economy.

China shares borders with the following countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.

This Asian powerhouse country has 12 nature sights on the World Heritage list. One of the most widely known is Zhangjiajie National Park. It was used as the location in the blockbuster movie Avatar. China's apepals stems from its very interesting culture and ancient heritage sites not to mention local shopping on many corners.

map of Republic of China

Capital: Beijng - (12,000,000 population)
Largest City: Shanghai - (17,420,000 population)
Leader: President: Xi Jinping
Government type: Communist
Population: 1.35 billion ; 2012 (source: World Health Organization)
Languages: Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Wu, Hokkien, Sichuan, Hainen, Shanghai dialect or Shanghainese (dialect of Wu Chinese), other1.
Ethnic Diversity: Han (91.9% of population), Zhuang (16 million), Manchu (10 million), Hui (9 million), Miao (8 million), Uygur (7 million), Yi (7 million), Mongolian (5 million), Tibetan (5 million), Buyi (3 million), Korean (2 million), and other ethnic minorities. 2
Life Expectancy: 73.5 years
Official Currency: Yuan Renminbi (RMB)
Currency Rate to the Yuan

Moderate; the North Atlantic Current brings about southwesterly winds; the days are covered with clouds more than half of the time.

National Holiday: 1 Oct. - National Day (3 days off)
Religion: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism (2011 est.)
Area: total: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles)
Country Dialing Code: +86
[1] Ethnologue
[2] FactMonster

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