Mexico: Facts About the Largest Spanish Speaking Country

Mexico is bordered by Belize and Guatemala in the southeast and in the north by the United States. Mexico is about one-fifth the size of the United States.

Mexico has a wide range of regions with contradicting landscapes: deserts, volcanoes, ancient ruins, bustling developed cities, historical colonial towns, posh and luxurious resorts, and virtually untouched beaches.

map of Mexico

Capital: Mexico City - 19.319 million
Leader: President: Enrique Pena Nieto
Government type: Federal Republic
Population: 116 million ; (source: United Nations 2012)
Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% other1.
Ethnic Diversity: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Life Expectancy: 75 years (men), 80 years (women) (UN)
Official Currency: Peso
exchange Rate to the Mexican Peso

The climate of Mexico can be described as warm summers and extremely cold winters. Approximately 31 inches per year is the amount of rain that this region typically gets and in some instances of the year temperatures touch the point of freezing.

National Holiday: 16 Sept. - National Independence Day
Religion: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1%
Area: total: 761,602 sq mi (1,972,550 sq km)
Country Dialing Code: +52
[1] Ethnologue
[2] FactMonster

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