Argentina Profile Summary

Argentina is the world's eighth largest country, representing nearly the whole southern portion of South America, and spanning an area of 2.8 million square km. The country known for its gauchos and fine wines is a border neighbor with the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline extending 3100 miles.

Argentina features a number of the world's highest mountains, sprawling deserts, and amazing waterfalls, along with varying landscapes covering anything from the uninhabited off the beaten path sections in southern Patagonia to the active and energetic cosmopolitan city of Buenos Aires in the north. frequently called the "Paris of South America", because of its colonial buildings, shops, and fine hotels.

Argentina has six principal regions:
  • Cuyo & the Andean Northwest - famous for its wine and representing nearly two-thirds of the country's wine production it also has the tallest mountain in the Americas, Mount Aconcagua at 6,962 metres
  • Mesopotamia & the Northeast - a tropical climate with swamps and low-level forests
  • The Chaco - a thorny lush forested area with two distinc regions, one dry (in the western half) and one very wet in the east
  • The Pampas - flat and fertile plains where agriculture thrives and where one third of the population lives. The area extends from the coastal Atlantic area, where it is receives more moisture and humid summers to the Andean foothills westward where it becomes semi-arid with less rainfall.
  • Patagonia and the Lake District - starts at the southern section of the Pampas from the Andean hills to eastern coast but has more of an uneven terrain
  • Tierra del Fuego - a popular area at the southern tip of South America where tourists comes to see the Strait of Magellan, Cabo de Hornos and Antarctica.

map of argentina

Capital: Buenos Aires
Leader: President: Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
Government type: Democratic, Federal republic, Constitutional republic, Representative democracy
Population: 42,610,981 (Mar. 2014, Sources include: CountryReports)
Languages: Spanish (official), Italian (1,500,000), North Levantine Spoken Arabic (1,000,000), German (400,000),
Paraguayan Guaraní (200,000), Yiddish (200,000),Catalán (174,000), Vlax Romani 52,000 and less than 50,000 speak Japanese, Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Slovene, Plautdietsch. 2

Ethnic Diversity: More than 97 percent of people from Argentinia are white (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3% 
Official Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)
Exchange Rates
Climate: Argentina's climate istypically temperate, but some regions vary, from the subantarctic cold of the artic areas of southern Patagonia, the comfortable central pampas and its mild climate, to the persistent heat in the region of northern Chaco.
National Holiday: 25 May
Religion: Christianity is the dominant religion  with other major religions - Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism
Area: total: 2,780,403 sq km
Country Phone Code: 54
Sources: [1] 1.

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